2020考研英语写作必背(备)高分词汇

2019/6/18 13:44:45 来源: 网络
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  在考研英语中,作文是大家英语复习中容易忽略的。但毕竟分值可观,提分很容易,还是不能完全不复习哦。在此海天考研为大家整理了在写作时可借鉴的一些词汇语句,希望可以帮助大家更好的复习。

  一、社会民风类(诚信、共赢、勤俭、节约)

  互信 mutual trust

  Mutual trust and confidence are the foundation atone of all friendship .

  相互间的信赖与对彼此的信心才是友谊的基石。

  诚信 credibility

  We should speed up the establishment of a social credibility system .

  我们应该加快建立社会信用体系。

  品德 morality

  Personality includes morality , character , interests and self-qualification , reflecting a person's whole spirit .

  个性包括品德、品格 、爱好、 自我修养等,能够反映一个人的整个精神面貌。

  创新 innovation

  We must press ahead with the building of a national innovation system .

  我们必须推进国家创新体系建设。

  共赢 all-win

  We will continue to work hard to develop with all other countries and regions in the world an economic relationship that features cooperation , mutual benefit , all-win and common prosperity .

  我们将继续与世界各国各地区努力发展合作、互利、共赢、共荣的经济关系。

  欺诈 fraud

  This will put a premium on fraud .

  这会助长欺诈歪风。

  代价 cost

  If it is not being achieved or if it or if it is being achieved at a very heavy cost , which is politically not sustainable , then the government must look for other options .

  如果我们不能达到这一目标,或者说我们要付出很大的代价才能实现这一目标,那在政治上是难以为继的,那么政府必须寻找其他选择方案。

  社会文明 social civilization

  Labor is the motivation of social civilization , and it is the initiative source that creates wealth .

  劳动是社会文明的动力,是创造财富的初始源泉。

  假冒伪劣产品 fake commodities

  Fake commodities can bring about great loss to both country and private property .

  假冒伪劣商品给国家和个人带来巨大的财产损失。

  社会危害 harm to society

  Therefore , fake diplomas disturb the normal order of job markets and do great harm to society .

  因此,假文凭破坏失业市场的一般顺序,对社会形成极大损害。

  学术造假 academic cheating

  Academic cheating refers to the phenomenon of cheating in academic works , or in other words academic dishonesty .

  “学术造假”就是指在学术方面作弊的行为,或者叫“学术不端”。

  诚实为上策 Honestly is the best policy

  "Honesty is the best policy" was his creed in all his business dealings .

  “诚实乃上策”是他做生意的信条。

  减少浪费 reduce waste

  We must pursue every possible opportunity to improve efficiency and reduce waste .

  我们必须利用一切机会提高效率和减少浪费。

  促进改革 promote reform

  We will unswervingly promote reform and opening up and strive for breakthroughs in key areas and crucial links .

  要坚定不移地推进改革开放,在重点领域和关键环节取得新的突破。

  减轻负担 reduce the burden of……

  We need to reduce the burden of taxes that impoverish the economy .

  我们需要减轻导致经济困顿的税收负荷。

  调整产业结构 adjust the industrial structure

  To adjust the industrial structure is one of the strategies for economic development and one of the measures to promote the market economy in China .

  调整产业结构是中国经济结构调整的战略性选择,是促进中国市场经济发展的重要措施。

  物质文明、精神文明一起抓 pay equal attention to the material progress and cultural progress

  形成文明、健康、崇尚科学的良好社会风尚 form civilized , healthy and science-upholding social practice

  二、人生哲理类

  自立 self-dependence

  Tough is making the decision to replace self-pity , complaints and dependence with self-reliance , independence and action .

  顽强就是做出决定用自强、自立和具体行动来取代自怜、怨天尤人和依赖。

  勤奋 diligence

  If your talent combines with diligence , you can excel in your pursuit .

  如果你把天赋与勤奋结合起来,你所追求的事业便会出类拔萃。

  恒心 perseverance

  Perseverance can sometimes equal genius in its results .

  毅力在效果上有时能同天才相比。

  幸福 happiness

  The secret to happiness is to keep setting yourself new challenges .

  幸福的秘诀就是要不停地给自己设定新的挑战。

  不断努力 make constant efforts

  Undoubtedly the cartoon conveys the meaning that life is like the process of running in which one should make constant efforts and never stop making progress .

  毫无疑问,这幅画显示了人生就像跑步的过程一样,人们应该做出不断的努力,而且决不要停止前进。

  缺乏自信 lack of confidence

  Lack of confidence is almost as worst as low self esteem .

  缺乏自信心和缺乏自尊心一样是有害的。

  保持乐观 keep optimistic

  So long as we keep optimistic , confident and courageous and begin again , victory is not far away from us.

  只要我们保持乐观自信,有勇气重新再来,胜利就离我们不远了。

  悲观的 pessimistic

  There is no reason to be pessimistic about the future .

  没有理由对未来悲观。

  积极态度 positive attitude

  Take immediate action to make these changes with enthusiasm and a positive attitude .

  立即采取行动,以饱满的热情和积极的态度实现这些转变。

  消极态度 negative attitude

  Negative attitude may make you depressed , disappointed , querulous at your life , and make you self-close , restrict and kill your own potential .

  消极心态使人沮丧、失望,对生活和人生充满了抱怨,自我封闭,限制和扼杀自己的潜能。

  取得成功 succeed , achieve success

  The great thing is to show willing; whether you succeed or not does not matter .

  主要的问题是是否愿意做,至于成功与否倒没关系。

  It's how you deal with failure that determines how you achieve success .

  你如何对待失败决定了你你如何取得成功。

  害怕失败 fear to lose

  In the rat race,they try every means to stay on the top and the fear to lose the game inevitably wrecks their peace of mind .

  在这种残酷的竞争中,他们使出浑身解数力求成功,由于害怕在竞争中失败而无法保持平和的心态。

  自我实现 individual self-realization

  In this manner , through free and creative play , individual releases his or her negative emotion and feeling , activates the psyche self-healing power , and achieves self-realization .

  通过这种自由的创造性游戏方式,个体宣泄其消极情绪、情感,激活心灵自我治愈力,达到自我实现。

  不遗余力去做某事 spare no efforts/pains to do, make great effort

  They are determined to spare no efforts to scale the peaks in science and technology .

  他们决心全力攀登科技高峰。

  We should spare no pains to construct whole , harmonious and sustained society of harmony in China .

  努力构建我国全面、协调、可持续发展的和谐社会。

  We should make great effort together , building up a natural home of diapason together .

  我们应该一起努力,共同建立一个和谐的自然家园。

  坚持不懈地做某事 be persistent with sth./do with full persistence

  Being patient while persistent with your goals is of utmost importance in negotiations of any kind .

  在任何一种谈判中,你对自己的谈判目标得抱有耐心,又得持之以恒,这一点非常重要。

  Take on difficulties with persistence and patience .

  以坚持与忍耐来承担困难。

  尽一切努力取得成功 try every means to stay on top

  In the rat race , they try every means to stay on the top , and the fear to lose the game inevitably wrecks their peace of mind .

  在这种残酷的竞争中,他们使出浑身解数力求成功,由于害怕在竞争中失败而无法保持平和的心态。

  经得住挑战与困难 stand up to/ withstand challenges and difficulties

  Under such a circumstance , how to translate threats into opportunities , stand up to challenges in the predicament based on its own characteristics and blaze a suitable development path , has become a common issue confronting traditional paper media such as the press .

  如何变威胁为机遇,根据自身特点在经营困境中迎难而上,找到适合自身发展的突破口,是报刊类纸质传统媒体所共同面临的问题。

  伦理道德类(尊老、爱幼、爱心)

  伦理 ethics , moral principle

  It is important and realistic to respect basic value of ethics , basic principles and basic norms .

  因此,尊重伦理的基本价值、基本原则和基本规范具有极大的重要性和现实性。

  Insist on your moral principle , particulaly in face of hard choice .

  坚持自己的道德准则,特别是面临困难抉择的时候。

  道德 moral , morality

  Moral values cannot be taught in a vacuum .

  道德价值观的教育不能脱离实际。

  Law and morality are the bulwark of society .

  法律和道德是社会的防御工具。

  老年人 aged father , senior citizens , old and helpless parents , elderly people , the old

  Senior citizens long for a more predictable and secure future .

  老年人渴望有一个更稳定、更可预见的未来。

  Most elderly people notice that their sleep is interrupted by other changes in their bodies .

  大部分老年人已经注意到身体上的变化常常防碍他们的睡眠。

  There was social intercourse between the old and the young .

  老年人与年轻人之间有社会交往。

  逃避责任 shirk the duty , shun the responsibilities

  Today , however , many young people not only shirk this duty , but insist that it is actually the duty of parents to do all they can to care for them, even as adults .

  然而当今,许多年轻人不仅逃避这种责任,还坚持认为父母实际上有义务尽己所能照顾他们,即使他们已经成年。

  To begin with , relevant laws and regulations should be made to severely punish those who shun the responsibilities of caring their parents .

  一方面,我们应该制定相关的法律法规严惩那些逃避养老责任的人。

  虐待 mistreatment , be ill-treated , be neglected , be reduced to utter poverty

  The prisoners rioted against mistreatment by sadistic guards .

  囚犯因不堪忍受狱警施虐而发动了暴乱。

  中国文化传统美德 traditional virtue of Chinese culture

  Filial duty is the traditional virtue and the main content of the Chinese traditional culture .

  孝道是中华民族的传统美德和中华传统文化的核心。

  经济支持 financially support

  Finally the national policy to manage and financially support the agriculture long-term research should be designed and conducted .

  国家需要制定和实施稳定农业长期试验研究的管理和经费支持政策。

  严厉惩罚 severely punish

  We should severely punish tax-dodging crime because it endangers the tax administration system seriously .

  偷税犯罪严重危害税收征管秩序,应予以重点打击。

  培养意识 cultivate the awareness

  In addition , we should cultivate the awareness of the young that respecting the old has always been the traditional virtue of Chinese culture .

  另一方面,我们应该培养人们的意识:尊老是中华文化的传统美德。

  遏制不良现象 curb evil phenomenon

  Only in this way can we curb the current evil phenomenon revealed in the picture .

  只有这样我们才能制止图画中所显示的这种丑恶现象。

  三、环境类(环保、节能)

  雾霾 haze

  The market for dust masks and air purifiers is booming in Beijing because the capital has been shrouded for several days in thick fog and haze .

  近几日北京持续被浓重雾霾笼罩,市场上防尘口罩和空气净化器的销量剧增。

  工业化 industrialization

  I think nobody will disagree ( that ) pollution is a by-product of industrialization .

  污染是工业化的一个副产品,我想没人会不同意这看法的。

  空气污染指数 air pollution index

  The annual average of the air pollution index ( API ) showed a decrease tendency in recent 3 years , and put forward the air pollution preventing and curing countermeasures .

  空气污染指数(API)年平均值近三年间均有下降趋势,并针对空气污染提出了相应整改措施。

  橙色预警 orange alert

  The Central Station ( CMS ) yesterday morning extended the warning of a strong cold spell and snowstorms by issuing an orange alert , the second-highest level .

  中央气象台昨天上午发布了强冷空气和暴雪预警,将预警级别提高到了二级橙色预警级别。

  悬浮颗粒物 airborne particulate matter

  Long-term exposure to airborne particulate matter reduces lung function and increases the risk of getting lung cancer .

  长期暴露于空气中的浮粒污染物可引致浮粒滞留在肺中,并减低肺功能及增加肺癌的风险。

  有毒物质 toxic substance

  Nicotine is one of key factors related to tobacco quality and a toxic substance in environment , in fact , nicotine is the major harmful ingredient in wastewater and tobacco waste .

  尼古丁是影响烟叶品质的重要因素之一,也是一种环境有毒物质,是烟草工业废水和烟草废弃物中的主要有害成分。

  空气质量检测 air quality monitoring

  All large and medium-sized Chinese cities will have greater air quality monitoring by 2010 .

  截止到2010年前,我国所有大、中城市的空气质量监督机制将会再迈上一个台阶。

  有害空气污染物 hazardous airborne pollutant

  污浊的空气 foul air

  City dwellers inhale foul air .

  城市居民吸进污浊的空气。

  防尘口罩 anti-dust gauze mask

  能见度低 low visibility

  It reported that heavy fog and low visibility were prolonging the encounter .

  报导说,大雾和能见度很低延长了这次冲突的时间。

  机动车尾气尘 vehicle exhaust

  Gasoline service stations and motor vehicle exhaust also release benzene .

  汽油加油站和机动车的尾气也释放苯。

  乘客滞留 passengers stranded

  A huge number of flights have been delayed or cancelled , nearly three hundred in Beijing alone , leaving thousands of passengers stranded .

  许多航班已经被延迟或取消,单单在北京就有近300班,数千名乘客滞留。

  释放、泄漏有害气体和液体 discharge/ let out/ leak/ pour out harmful gases and liquids

  On the other hand , a host of newly-built factories continue to discharge harmful gases and liquids , which seriously pollute the environment .

  另一方面,许多新建的工厂继续排放严重污染环境的有害气体和液体。


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